The 1991 Air Quality Management Plan (AQMP) for the south coast air basin in California is designed to meet federal and state air quality standards. The direct effects of implementing the plan fall into the following categories: changes in business costs, shifts in the composition and amount of spending, and increases in the quality-of-life amenities. Inputting these effects into an economic and demographic forecasting and simulation model of the basin's economy, that includes business and human migration responses, we predict that up to the year 2000 employment will be increased by the AQMP, whereas real per capita disposable income (as it is traditionally meausred) will decrease. Net increases in employment result because decreases arising from increased costs are offset by net increases from spending changes and the effects of migration arising from amenity benefits derived from improved air quality.
The United States 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments set aggressive goals for state-level compliance and mandates for the use of employer trip-reduction (ETR) programs for certain regions. San Diego County, California, has responded to this mandate with its own trip-reduction regulation. The direct effects of the trip-reduction regulation fall into three categories, as follows: changes in spending, changes in costs, and changes in consumer amenities. The total effects on the local economy due to each of these categories are estimated using a Regional Economic Models, Inc. (REMI) forecasting and simulation model for San Diego County. This study is the first to use such a comprehensive methodology for an analysis of an ETR program. The study results show that spending effects on employment were positive, as local transit use replaced automotive-related expenditures and employees received cash incentive payments. The net increase in costs on business were modest with respect to the overall size of San Diego's economy. Consequently, the negative effects on business location due to these direct effects were also modest. There were significant effects from the program due to consumer utility reductions because subsidies and charges distorted consumer choices.
This paper describes emission reduction scenarios underscoring the point that environmental quality supported by a cost-effective tecchnology-led policy can lead to a net positive economic gain.
This profile describes the economic contributions and general environmental benefits of recycling manufacturing companies. It also provides detailed profiles of several companies to illustrate the types of products and challenges manufacturers may face.
This paper is an economic assessment of oil and natural gas conservation programs in the State of Connecticut. The focus of the study was on increasing efficiency of oil and gas for residential, commercial, and industrial users. The efficiency increase is the result of research and consumer education, and the implementation of energy-efficient equipment by users. Funding the program is derived from a 3% natural gas-use and oil-use surcharge on residential, commercial, and industrial users.
This paper assesses the economic impact of a feebates program in Massachusetts. The focus of the program was to promote the purchase of more fuel-efficient cars by placing a fee (surcharge) on high fuel-consumption vehicles and a rebate on fuel-efficient cars.
This paper assesses the economic impact of a feebates program in Rhode Island. The focus of the program was to promote the purchase of more fuel-efficient cars by placing a fee (surcharge) on high fuel-consumption vehicles and a rebate on fuel-efficient cars.
This report examines the economic, climate, budgetary, power generation, and demographic impacts of implementing a revenue-neutral carbon tax for nine regions of the United States.
This report examines the economic, demographic, and climate impact of environmental tax reform in California.
This white paper explores the economic, demographic, distributional, fiscal, and climate implications of remaking portions of the Washington and King County budgets through carbon pricing and environmental tax reform.
This report explores whether or not a carbon tax in Massachusetts can improve the state economy.
This paper analyzes the economic impact of implementing the Minnesota Climate Strategies and Economic Opportunities project's proposed policy actions.
This report presents analysis of the potential for greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reductions from the
transportation sector, and the resulting benefits and costs for the 11 northeast and mid-Atlantic states
and the District of Columbia that participate in the Transportation and Climate Initiative (TCI).
This is the technical appendix to Cambridge Systematics' report on greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reductions from the
transportation sector. This appendix provides the details of the use of REMI PI+ in that report.
This study discusses the approach used to model the macroeconomic effects of the Baja Climate Action Plan, a collection of proposed policies designed to limit greenhouse gas emissions in the Baja California state of Mexico.
This report identifies opportunities for accelerated job creation, investment, and market capture by leveraging the potential of the emerging West Coast “clean economy” through the power of regional collaboration.